Bluetongue safeguard measures

International trade: Importer Information Notes (IIN) – conditions for the movement of Bluetongue susceptible ruminant into Great Britain (GB) due
to bluetongue control measures in the EU
(IIN/BTEU/1)

1. Movement from EU Member States(MSs) or Zones free of Bluetongue

On 5 July 2011 GB declared freedom from Bluetongue but restriction zones for Bluetongue remain in place in other Member States. Information on the current Bluetongue situation in the EU can be found at:

Movement of susceptible ruminant species from Member States or zones that are free of Bluetongue to GB are not subject to any Bluetongue conditions, and do not require any additional bluetongue related attestations . However, if they transit a Member State or zone that is not free, then the conditions of Article 9 of Commission Regulation (EC) 1266/2007 (as amended) will apply. These are set out in Appendix I to this IIN. Essentially, insecticide treatment is required and this needs to be certified – see paragraph 3 below; if the animals are rested for more than a day in the restricted MS or zone, the control post must be vector protected.

European legislation (Council Directive 2000/75/EU) was amended in March 2012 by Council Directive 2012/5/EU, to enable Member States to authorise the use of inactivated vaccines in Bluetongue-free areas. Therefore, GB now accept animals that have been vaccinated using inactivated Bluetongue vaccines with a marketing authorisation  [only available for BTV serotypes 1, 2, 4 and 8 and in the case of cattle and /or sheep only] providing the MS from which the animals are moving is in a Bluetongue-free zone. However, this is not required to be certified as the animals originate from MSs/zones free of bluetongue.

2. Movement from Member States or Zones that are not free of Bluetongue

If animals from a MS or zone not free of Bluetongue, they must meet the conditions in Article 8 and the conditions set out in  Annex III of Commission Regulation (EC) 1266/2007 as amended by Commission Regulation (EC) 456/2012. The conditions of Annex III, point A can be found in Appendix II to this IIN. Only options 5-7 are feasible as MSs have stopped declaring seasonally free periods (options 1, 3, and 4) and creating a true vector protected establishment (option 2) is impractical, although not impossible (for example semen collection centres in Italy have been able to do this and provide the necessary evidence, on the basis of which bulls have been accepted under a bilateral agreement).

In cases where zoos are importing exotic ruminants from BT restriction zones, there is currently the option to agree bilaterally the conditions under which the animals can be imported, as in many cases Annex III requirements cannot be met. See IIN BLBT/1.

Post import testing

Post-import testing will be on a risk-based regime, as for other diseases.

3. Intra Trade Animal Health Certificate (ITAHC) accompanying animals into GB.

If the animals are moving from a free zone to GB without transiting a restricted zone, regardless of whether the animals have been vaccinated or not, the certifying veterinarian should delete the whole section on “Bluetongue (BT) exemption from the exit ban” at the end of Part II of the “Health Information” section of the ITAHC including the statement on insecticide treatment (3rd from the top).

If the animals transit a restricted zone during any part of their journey to GB, insecticide treatment of the vehicle is required. The certifying veterinarian must certify that insecticide treatment has been carried out.

4. Safeguard measures

These notes do not cover situations where emergency safeguard action has been taken, at very short notice, to prohibit or restrict the importation of certain products from certain countries following an outbreak of serious disease in those countries may not be covered. Importers are advised to contact Centre for International Trade, Carlisle to check if any action has been taken in relation to the current status of any particular country. Details of safeguard measures can also be found in our Declarations and Customer Information Notes.

Alternatively importers can keep up to date with amendments to legislation by checking the European Commission’s website.

5. European Union legislation

Consolidated texts, which integrate the basic instruments of Union legislation with their amendments and corrections in a single, non-official document, are available. Each consolidated text contains a list of all legal documents taken into account for its construction.

Texts provided in this section are intended for information only. Please note that these texts have no legal value. For legal purposes please refer to the texts published in the ‘Official Journal of the European Union’.

For non-consolidated legislation, please use the simple search option on the European Commission’s website.

6. Contact for general information on import requirements

7. Contacts for other important advice and guidance

Importers should note that the information given relates only to animal health and public health conditions of import. It does not give guidance on other conditions that may need to be met.

The information sheet below gives details of other organisations you may also need to consult.

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Appendix 1

Article 9 of Commission Regulation (EC) 1266/2007

Further Conditions for the transit of animals

1. The transit of animals shall be allowed by the competent authority provided that:

(a)      After adequate cleansing and disinfection at the place of loading, the means in which the animals are transported are treated with authorised insecticide and/or repellents. This treatment must in any case take place prior to leaving or entering the restricted zone;

(b)      When a rest period of more than one day is foreseen at a control post during the movement through a restricted zone, the animals are protected against attacks by vectors in a vector protected establishment in accordance with the criteria in Annex II of Commission Regulation (EC) 1266/2007.

2. Paragraph 1 shall not apply if the transit takes place:

(a)   Exclusively from or through epidemiologically relevant geographical areas of the restricted zone during the bluetongue seasonally vector-free period in accordance with Annex V; or

(b)   From or through parts of the restricted zoned demarcated as a  ‘provisionally free area’ in accordance with Article 7 (2a).

3. For the animals referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article, the following additional wording shall be added to the corresponding health certificates laid down in Directives 64/432/EEC, 9168/EEC and 92/65/EEC, or referred to in Decision 93/4444/EEC; ‘Insecticide/repellent treatment with..… (insert name of the product) on..…. (insert date) in conformity with Article 9 of Regulation (EC) No 1266/2007’.

 

Appendix 2

                                          Annex III of Commission Regulation (EC) No 1266/2007

Conditions for exemption from the exit ban (referred to in Articles 7(2)(a) and 8(1)(a))

 A.      Animals

The animals must have been protected against attacks by the vector Culicoides during transportation to the place of destination.

In addition, at least one of the conditions set out in points 1 to 7 must be complied with.

1.  The animals were kept until dispatch during the seasonally vector-free period defined in accordance with Annex V, in a bluetongue seasonally-free zone for at least 60 days prior to the date of movement and were subjected to an agent identification test according to the Manual of Diagnostic Tests and Vaccines for Terrestrial Animals of the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) (OIE Terrestrial Manual), with negative results, carried out not earlier than seven days before the date of movement.

However, that agent identification test shall not be necessary for Member States or regions of a Member State where sufficient epidemiological data, obtained following the implementation of a monitoring programme for a period of not less than three years, substantiate the determination of the seasonally vector-free period defined in accordance with Annex V.

The Member States making use of that possibility shall inform the Commission and the other Member States in the framework of the Standing Committee on the Food Chain and Animal Health.

Where animals referred to in this point are intended for intra-Community trade, the following additional wording shall be added to the corresponding health certificates laid down in Directives 64/432/EEC, 91/68/EEC and 92/65/EEC:

‘Animal(s) were kept until dispatch in a bluetongue seasonally-free zone during the seasonally vector-free period that started on … (insert date) since birth or for at least 60 days and, if appropriate (indicate as appropriate), were then subjected to an agent identification test according to the OIE Terrestrial Manual on samples taken within seven days prior to dispatch, with negative results, in conformity with Annex III.A(1) to Regulation (EC) No 1266/2007.’

2.    The animals have been kept, until dispatch, protected against attacks by vectors in a vector protected establishment in accordance with the criteria set out in Annex II for a period of at least 60 days prior to the date of dispatch.

Where animals referred to in this point are intended for intra-Community trade, the following additional wording shall be added to the corresponding health certificates laid down in Directives 64/432/EEC, 91/68/EEC and 92/65/EEC:

‘Animal(s) in conformity with Annex III.A(2) to Regulation (EC) No 1266/2007.

3.    The animals have been kept, until dispatch, in a bluetongue seasonally free zone during the seasonally vector-free period, defined in accordance with Annex V, or have been protected against attacks by vectors in a vector protected establishment in accordance with the criteria set out in Annex II for a period of at least 28 days and were subjected during that period to a serological test according to the OIE Terrestrial Manual to detect antibodies to the bluetongue virus group, with negative results, carried out on samples collected from that animal at least 28 days following the date of the commencement of the period of protection against attacks by vectors or the seasonally vector-free period.

Where animals referred to in this point are intended for intra-Community trade, the following additional wording shall be added to the corresponding health certificates laid down in Directives 64/432/EEC, 91/68/EEC and 92/65/EEC:

‘Animal(s) in conformity with Annex III.A(3) to Regulation (EC) No 1266/2007.’

4.    The animals have been kept, until dispatch, in a bluetongue seasonally free zone during the seasonally vector-free period, defined in accordance with Annex V, or have been protected against attacks by vectors in a vector protected establishment in accordance with the criteria set out in Annex II for a period of at least 14 days and were subjected during that period to an agent identification test according to the OIE Terrestrial Manual, with negative results, carried out on samples collected from that animal at least 14 days following the date of commencement of the period of protection against attacks by vectors or the seasonally vector-free period.

Where animals referred to in this point are intended for intra-Community trade, the following additional wording shall be added to the corresponding health certificates laid down in Directives 64/432/EEC, 91/68/EEC and 92/65/EEC:

‘Animal(s) in conformity with Annex III.A(4) to Regulation (EC) No 1266/2007.’

5.    The animals have been vaccinated against the serotype(s) present or likely to be present in an epidemiologically relevant geographical area of origin, the animals are still within the immunity period of time guaranteed in the specifications of the vaccine and the animals meet at least one of the following requirements:

(a)      they have been vaccinated more than 60 days before the date of movement;

(b)      they have been vaccinated with an inactivated vaccine before at least the number of days necessary for the onset of the immunity protection set in the specifications of the vaccine and were subjected to an agent identification test according to the OIE Terrestrial Manual, with negative results, carried out at least 14 days after the onset of the immunity protection set in the specifications of the vaccine;

(c)   they were previously vaccinated and they have been revaccinated with an inactivated vaccine within the immunity period of time guaranteed in the specifications of the vaccine;

(d)   they were kept during the seasonally vector-free period, defined in accordance with Annex V, in a bluetongue seasonally free zone, since birth or for a period of at least 60 days before the date of vaccination and have been vaccinated with an inactivated vaccine before at least the number of days necessary for the onset of the immunity protection set in the specifications of the vaccine.

Where animals referred to in this point are intended for intra-Union trade, the following additional wording shall be added to the corresponding health certificates laid down in Directives 64/432/EEC, 91/68/EEC and 92/65/EEC:

‘Animal(s) vaccinated against bluetongue serotype/s … (insert serotype/s) with … (insert name of the vaccine) with a inactivated/ modified live vaccine (indicate, as appropriate) in conformity with Annex III.A(5) to Regulation (EC) No 1266/2007.’

6.    The animals were always kept in an epidemiologically relevant geographical area of origin where not more than one serotype was or is present or likely to be present and:

(a)      they were subjected to two serological tests according to the OIE Terrestrial Manual to detect antibodies against the bluetongue virus serotype, with positive results; the first test must be carried out on samples taken between 60 and 360 days before the date of movement and the second test being carried out on samples taken not earlier than seven days before the date of the movement; or

(b)   they were subjected to a serological test according to the OIE Terrestrial Manual to detect antibodies against the bluetongue virus serotype, with positive results; the test must be carried out at least 30 days before the date of the movement and the animals were subjected to an agent identification test according to the OIE Terrestrial Manual, with negative results, carried out not earlier than seven days before the date of the movement.

Where animals referred to in this point are intended for intra-Community trade, the following additional wording shall be added to the corresponding health certificates laid down in Directives 64/432/EEC, 91/68/EEC and 92/65/EEC:

Animal(s) subjected to a serological test according to the OIE Terrestrial Manual to detect antibodies against the bluetongue virus serotype … (indicate serotype) in conformity with Annex III.A(6) to Regulation (EC) No 1266/2007.’

7.    The animals were subjected with positive results to two adequate serological tests according to the OIE Terrestrial Manual able to detect specific antibodies against all the bluetongue virus serotypes present or likely to be present, in the epidemiologically relevant geographical area of origin, and:

(a)      the first test must have been carried out on samples that were taken between 60 and 360 days before the date of movement and the second test must have been carried out on samples that were taken not earlier than seven days before the date of movement; or

(b)      the specific serotype serological test must have been carried out at least 30 days before the date of the movement and the animals were subjected to an agent identification test according to the OIE

Terrestrial Manual, with negative results, carried out not earlier than seven days before the date of movement.

Where animals referred to in this point are intended for intra-Community trade, the following additional wording shall be added to the corresponding health certificates laid down in Directives 64/432/EEC, 91/68/EEC and 92/65/EEC:

‘Animal(s) subjected to a specific serological test according to the OIE Terrestrial Manual to detect antibodies against all the bluetongue virus serotypes … (indicate serotypes) present or likely to be present in conformity with Annex III.A(7) to Regulation (EC) No 1266/2007.’

For pregnant animals being moved from a restricted zone for bluetongue virus serotype 8, at least one of the conditions set out in points 5, 6 and 7 must have been complied with before insemination or mating, or the condition set out in point 3 must be complied with. In case a serological test, as set out in point 3, is carried out, that test shall be carried out not earlier than seven days before the date of movement.

Where animals are intended for intra-Community trade, one of the following additional wordings shall be added, as appropriate, to the corresponding health certificates laid down in Directives 64/432/EEC, 91/68/EEC and 92/65/EEC:

‘Animal(s) is (are) not pregnant’; or

‘Animal(s) may be pregnant and complies (comply) with the condition(s) … (set out in points 5, 6 and 7 before insemination or mating, or set out in point 3; indicate as appropriate)’.

B.       Semen of animals

Semen must have been obtained from donor animals which comply with at least one of the following conditions:

(a)   they have been kept outside a restricted zone for a period of at least 60 days before commencement of, and during, collection of the semen;

(b)   they have been protected against attacks by vectors in a vector protected establishment in accordance with the criteria set out in Annex II for a period of at least 60 days before commencement of, and during, collection of the semen;

(c)   they were kept during the seasonally vector-free period in a bluetongue seasonally-free zone, defined in accordance with Annex V, for a period of at least 60 days before commencement of, and during, collection of the semen and were subjected to an agent identification test according to the OIE Terrestrial Manual, with negative results, carried out not earlier than seven days before the date of commencement of collection of the semen.

However, that agent identification test shall not be necessary in Member States or regions of a Member State where sufficient epidemiological data, obtained following the implementation of a monitoring programme during a period of not less than three years, substantiate the determination of the seasonally vector-free period, as defined in Annex V.

The Member States making use of that possibility shall inform the Commission and the Member States in the framework of the Standing Committee on the Food Chain and Animal Health;

(d)   they have been subjected to a serological test according to the OIE Terrestrial Manual to detect antibodies to the bluetongue virus group, with negative results, at least every 60 days during the collection period and between 21 and 60 days following the final collection of the semen to be consigned;

(e) they have been subjected, with negative results, to an agent identification test according to the OIE Terrestrial Manual carried out on blood samples collected:

(i) at commencement and final collection of the semen to be

consigned; and

(ii) during the period of semen collection:

  • at least every seven days, in the case of a virus isolation test,

or

  • at least every 28 days, in the case of a polymerase chain reaction test.

Where the semen referred to in this Section is intended for intra-Community trade or export to a third country, the following additional wording shall be added to the corresponding health certificates laid down in Council Directive 88/407/EEC ( 1 ) and Commission Decision 95/388/EC ( 2 ), or referred to in Decision 93/444/EEC:

‘Semen obtained from donor animals which comply with (point (a), (b), (c), (d) or (e), indicate as appropriate) of Annex III.B to Regulation (EC) No 1266/2007’.

 C.      Ova and embryos of animals

1.  In vivo derived embryos and ova of bovine animals must have been obtained from donor animals which do not show any clinical signs of bluetongue on the day of collection.

2.  Embryos and ova of animals other than bovine animals and in vitro produced bovine embryos must have been obtained from donor animals which comply with at least one of the following conditions:

(a)      they have been kept outside a restricted zone for at least 60 days before commencement of, and during, collection of the embryos/ova;

(b)   they have been protected against attacks by vectors in a vector protected establishment in accordance with the criteria set out in Annex II for at least 60 days before commencement of, and during, collection of the embryos/ova;

(c)   they have been subjected to a serological test according to the OIE Terrestrial Manual to detect antibodies to the bluetongue virus group, between 21 and 60 days following collection of the embryos/ova, with negative results;

(d)   they have been subjected to an agent identification test according to the OIE Terrestrial Manual on a blood sample taken on the day of collection of the embryos/ova, with negative results.

3.    Where the ova and embryos referred to in points 1 and 2 are intended for intra-Community trade or export to a third country, the following additional wording shall be added to the corresponding health certificates laid down in Council Directive 89/556/EEC ( 1 ) and Decision 95/388/EC, or referred to in Decision 93/444/EEC:

‘Embryos/ova obtained from donor animals which comply with … (point 1; point 2(a), point 2(b), point 2(c) or point 2(d), indicate as appropriate) of Annex III.C to Regulation (EC) No 1266/2007’.

Point 2(a) of Annex B to Directive 89/556/EEC shall not apply to ova and embryos collected from donor animals kept in holdings subject to veterinary prohibition or quarantine measures pertaining to bluetongue.

Page last modified: 13 November 2014